Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) therapy
Problems with the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) can have a very wide range of causes. Symptoms include headaches, popping of the TMJ, dislocation of the jaw, restricted mouth opening, and highly intense pain. However, only rarely is surgery the first-line therapy.
Detailed history-taking, thorough clinical intraoral and extraoral examination and appropriate X-ray procedures are necessary in order to arrive at a correct diagnosis. Depending on the findings, further diagnostic investigations such as slice imaging using CT or MRI may be useful complementary diagnostic tools.
Like the knee joint, the joint of the TMJ contains an articular disk. This is the commonest cause of popping of the TMJ (in some 40% of the population). This popping may be felt – and audible – during the opening and/or closing of the mouth. Unless there are other symptoms, therapy is not necessary in most cases.
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